Malleus Maleficarum (). translated by Montague Summers []. This is the best known (i.e., the most infamous) of the witch-hunt manuals. Written in Latin. Malleus maleficarum, detailed legal and theological document (c. ) regarded as the standard handbook on witchcraft, including its detection and its. (title page from Lyons edition of Malleus Maleficarum as found in Robbins ). written in by two German Dominicans, Heinrich Kramer and Jakob.

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This translation is in the public domain. He was one of the advocates of Aristotelian thought malefjcarum opponents of via modernahe was “one of Sprenger’s most distinguished colleagues at Cologne, and the man whose name appears first on the faculty endorsement of the Malleus[he] even went so far as to lead an abortive drive to obtain beatification for Aristotle.

Malleus Maleficarum

Pennsylvania State University Press. Witchcraft in Europe and the New World. The book is one of the most famous medieval treatises on witches.

For example, an attack on some of the central arguments of the Malleus was made by the Francisan Samuel de Cassini in and answered in favour of the Malleus 148 the Dominican Vincente Dodo in Max In many ways, it malericarum be said that it helped to validate the Inquisition itself.

There are two signings, sometimes also referenced as two approbations. Each positive principle in a pair is delineated by its negative pole.

The Malleus went through 28 editions between and and was accepted by Roman Catholics and Protestants alike as an authoritative source of information concerning Satanism and as a guide to Christian defense. The book even claimed that witches had the power to make men impotent and unable to copulate.

Writers who challenged the Church were arrested for heresy sometimes formerly accepted writers whose works had become unpopular. Witch Hunts in Europe and America: The alleged banning of the book in was probably confused with the condemnation by the Inquisition of Henrich Kramer which occurred in It is a belief which is held to this day.

However, according to Brauner, they are combined to produce new meanings and result in a comprehensive theory. It must mal,eus be noted that the crime of Witchcraft was not the only crime of which one could be accused during the Inquisition.

Malefficarum II is a compendium of fabulous stories about the activities of witches—e. As a result of their work and that of others in the 13th—15th centuries,….


Persecution and Punishment from the Inquisition through the Salem Trials: The attendants obey forthwith, yet with feigned agitation. It has a constituency of…. Kramer wrote the Malleus following his expulsion from Innsbruck by the local bishop, due to charges of illegal behavior against Kramer amleficarum, and because of Kramer’s obsession with the sexual habits of one maleficarrum the accused, Helena Scheuberinwhich led the other tribunal members to suspend the trial.

The final section provides a template of precisely how to prosecute a witch. The argument was made in the nineteenth century by a scholar hostile to what the Malleus stood for that the approbation was a forgery by Institoris and that Sprenger had nothing to do with the composition.

Malleus Maleficarum – David Elio Malocco

The same day Sprenger became successor to Jacob Strubach as provincial superior October 19,he obtained permission from his general, Joaquino Turriani, to lash out adversus m[agistrum] Henricum Institoris inquisitorem against Master Heinrich Kramer, inquisitor.

The first “presents theoretical and theological arguments for the reality of witchcraft” aiming to silence critics of the Inquisition’s efforts ; the second describes the actual applications of witchcraft, and compiles various remedies that can be used by those “bewitched”; finally, the third section provides instructions to judges, in order to assist them in their “divine mission” to confront and combat witchcraft.

On the subject of authorship many scholars now believe that Jacob Sprenger contributed little if anything to the work besides his name. The first section endeavors to refute any critics who dare to deny the reality of witchcraft, thereby hindering its prosecution.

After the publication of the Malleus, Kramer and Sprenger’s misogynistic thesis became an accepted fact, and most of those who were prosecuted as witches were women.

Fellow Catholics, to whom we are forever bound in the communion of saints, did sin grievously against people accused of witchcraft. In Kramer’s view, women witches were out to harm all of Christendom. Philosophy and religion Religion Credited. Retrieved July 18, Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malleus Maleficarum. Robbins, Rossell Hope The ancient subjects of astronomyphilosophyand medicine were being reintroduced to the West at this time, as well as a plethora of ancient texts being rediscovered and studied. But the evidence to support this claim must be regarded as somewhat nebulous.

Widely influential, it was reprinted numerous times. A Complete Translation of the Malleus Maleficarum 1 volume. Technologically speaking, the text of the Malleus Maleficarum was able to spread throughout Europe so rapidly in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century due to the innovation of the printing press in the middle of the fifteenth century by Johannes Gutenberg.


Scholars have debated the reasons for Kramer’s misogyny; he may have had a fear of the power of women mystics of his day, such as Catherine of Siena, who enjoyed the attentions of royalty as well as the church. Marija Gimbutasprofessor of archaeology at the University of California, that as many as 9 million people, overwhelmingly womenwere burned or hanged during the witch-craze.

This section also explores the mechanics of malefic spellcraft, lists some of the dreadful offenses perpetrated by these evil-doers including promoting infirmity, [28] causing damage to livestock, [29] sacrificing children, [30] and even stealing a man’s “virile member” [31] and concludes by instructing the reader in various defensive techniques that can be used against these powers whether one is aiming to avoid ensorcellment or to mitigate the effects of existing curses.

Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons With good reason, early modern demonology has been described as a kind of scholarly pornography. It stated that witchcraft and magic were just delusions and that those who believed in such things “had been seduced by the Devil in dreams and visions”.

It was not a success and he was asked to leave the city of Innsbruck.

Malleus Maleficarum

The hunts were most severe from toand the last known execution for witchcraft was in Switzerland in Section I argues that, because the Devil exists and has the power to do astounding things, witches immoral maleficqrum exist to make these powers manifest. It set forth, as well, many of the modern misconceptions and fears concerning witches and the influence of witchcraft.

The preface also includes an alleged unanimous mlaeficarum from the University of Cologne ‘s Faculty of Theology.

Men might be learned magicians, anomalous archer wizards, or witch-doctors and superstitiosi, but very seldom did they work the broad range of maleficium typical of witches. Strixology in the Malleus Maleficarum is characterized by a very specific conception of what a witch is, one that differs 146 from earlier times.