A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.

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Tankha Jagirs were given in lieu of salaries, Mashrut Jagirs were given on certain conditions, and Watan Jagirs were assigned to Zamindar or rajas in their local dominions.

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Later on grants made for religious and charitable purposes and even to non-Rajputs were called jagirs, and both in its popular sense and legislative practice, the word jagir came to be used as connoting all grants which conferred on the grantees rights in respect of land revenue, and that is the sense in which the word jagir should be construed in Article A.

Since, on an average, a jagir was transferred after every three years. Amin was posted in magirdari suba to see that Jagirdars were following imperial regulations.


Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Dam is a small copper coin. Thus the Mansabdars, Jagirdars and Zamindars were a part of jaigrdari Mughal nobility which acted as a prop of the Mughal administrative structure created by Akbar and nurtured by his successors. The word Mansab means a place, a ot, an honour and a rank, which happened to be an integral part of the elaborate Mughal bureaucracy. Of these varieties, Tankha Jagirs were transferable for every three or four years.

This type of jagir was effective administrative machinery introduced by Akbar to accommodate local zamindars in the Mughal oligarchy.

They also maintained armed sytsem and forts depending on their status. With Indian independence, legislative measures were taken to abolish the system of absentee landownership. The jagirdar was allowed to collect only authorised revenue mal wajib in accordance with the Imperial regulations. No mansabdar could hold on to the said Jagir for a long term and they were liable for transfer. They remained hereditary and non-transferable.

Mughal Jagirdari System – IAS NETWORK

This feudal system of land ownership is referred to as the jagirdar system. The conditional jagir required the governing family to maintain troops and provide their service to the state when asked. Jagir — the revenue from jagir was assigned to jagirdars in lieu of cash salary according to their rank. A History of Modern India, Keep Exploring Britannica Marketing. The maximum area of the territory was assigned to Mansabdars on the basis of their rank.


Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire

Under the regime of Akbar, Mansabdari system became the basis of military and civil administration. The emperor can raise the rank of the Mansabdar by increasing the number wystem to a Mansabdar. However, none of the assignments was permanent or hereditary.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Transfer orders created problems for the jagirdars leading to rivalry and conflicts. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

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The Jagirdari system was an integral part of the mansabdari system which developed under Akbar and underwent certain changes during the reign of his successors. We also notice an evolution in the beginning and the growth of jsgirdari institution. While inAkbar maintained 1, Mansabdars, by the end of the reign of Aurangzeb, their number rose to 14, Help Center Find new research papers in: The Mansabdars were appointed to all civil and military posts except that of judiciary, and the positions like wazir, bakshi, faujdar and Subedar were held by the Mansabdars.