The Semitic languages /​ edited by Robert Hetzron. Other Authors. Hetzron, Robert. Published. New York: Routledge, Content Types. text. Carrier Types. : The Semitic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) ( ): Robert Hetzron: Books. THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST. ROBERT HETZRON (ed.): The Semitic languages. xx, pp. London: Routledge, ? Nildeke to Goldziher (7/8/ ).

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The shared retention of internal plurals was, perhaps, partly due to areal contact. Except for the northern edge of their distribution, they were not in contact with such lan- guages, but rather with the ancestor s of Modern South Arabian and Ethiopic, which likewise retained, and expanded, the internal plural lahguages.

Open to the public. It must be attributed either to parallel development or, more likely, to areal diffusion. But there are a number of significant challenges to this tree.

Phyla and Waves: Models of Classification of the Semitic Languages | Aaron Rubin –

Emerging new features in one group may then spread, wave-like, to adja- cent speech communities. MSA Ethiopian Figure 9. Help Center Find new research papers in: Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Such shared innovations, as they are called, are the only features that are significant for genetic subgrouping. Israelrecently counted over thirty-five different theories on the exact classification of Ugaritic.

Robert Hetzron

Thus, the adoption of yaqtulu as a new imperfective verb, with the complete loss of the semific form yaqattal, constitutes a profound innovation. It is likely that this represents a regularization of one of a set of earlier internal plural possibilities. Kogan and Andrey V. Models of Classification of the Semitic Languages Hetzron ; ; Even the derivational value of the L-Stem can be seen as a shared retention.


Genetic Subgrouping of the Semitic Languages. Be the first to add this to a list.

Steinerthe simple fact is that a phonetic feature like pharyngealization could easily have spread due to areal influence. Third, a shared feature may have been inherited from a still earlier ancestor, and have been lost in other members of the family. Thus, these forms probably reflect a Proto-Semitic feature that was lost in Akkadian and, with rare exception, in Proto-Northwest Semitic.

As evidence that this could also be an example of parallel development, we can add that Soqotri, one of the Modern South Arabian languages, also shows this loss, as noted already by Blau Lexical items may be bor- rowed through language contact, of course and abundant borrowing has occurred between many of the Semitic languagesbut also phonological features and even whole morphological categories can spread across language boundaries. West Semitic is further divided as follows:. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: The Semitic Languages in Russian.

Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen. Thus, the formation of plurals by pattern replacement must be reconstructed for Proto-Se- mitic and, indeed, probably goes back to Afroasiatic cf.

Robert Hetzron (ed.): The Semitic Languages

Those who group Arabic with Northwest Semitic Hetzron, Huehnergard, Goldenberg argue that the first five are shared innovations while the last three represent common retentions from an older phase of language which have been replaced in Akkadian and Northwest Semitic. The Encyclopaedia Britannica, London: Areal features and parallel developments in Central Semitic In this section, we will look at some of the features that are common to Central Semitic, but which cannot be attributed convincingly to shared innovation.

Hetzron ; Voigt ; Faber ; and Rubio The legal code of the Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4. And yet, the syntax of the article is strikingly uniform across these languages.


Perhaps for Hittite, too, it was not that Hurrian and Hattic had such consonants, but that Hittite was not in contact with a language with did not have these consonants. In the remainder of this chapter, we will examine more closely some of the features that support the notion of Seemitic Semitic, as well as some of the features that contradict it. Numerous internal plurals survive in some languages, like Tigrinya, but they have practically disappeared in some of the so-called Gurage languages.

As we have already noted, the article in these languages cannot be reconstructed to a common ancestor. Kaye and Judith Rosenhouse Any borrowed features between Akkadian and Aramaic are unconnected to the fact that the two languages share an ancestor.

Topics in Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics Jerusalem: In other words, there should be no examples of the final -t in feminine forms. Log In Sign Up. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links Australian National University Library.

One alnguages the major pursuits of science has always been classification. Also available in print at the Harrassowitz Publishing House. Later, the Northwest Semitic subset of Central Se- mitic, probably in a common ancestor of their own, drastically reduced the plurals of this type, semjtic only the a-insertion in semiric of the CVCC type, and adding a second- ary external plural marker to those as well cf. So what are we to make of these data?