The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) designed to be a comprehensive assessment of physical. The FAAM is a self-report measure that assesses physical function of individuals with lower leg, foot, and ankle Patient Reported Outcomes. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a region-specific, non–disease- specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities.

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This finding may be related to how the athletes interpreted the ADL global rating of function. Biomechanics of the unstable ankle joint and clinical implications [abstract].

If one item is not answered the highest score is 80, if two are not answered the total highest score is 76, etc. Anandacoomarasamy A, Barnsley L. Injuries in team sport tournaments during the Olympic Games. The minimal clinically important differences were 8 and 9 points for the ADL and Sports subscales, respectively.

A Kendall tau rank correlation coefficient outcomw the relationship between Ffaam scores and subjects’ global rating scores for both the ADL and sports subscales. All athletes in the healthy group and 4 athletes in the CAI group categorically rated their ankles as normal.

The effect of recurrent ankle inversion sprain and taping on proprioception at the ankle. Specifically, the instructions state: Self-reported outcome instruments can be discriminative or evaluative. The ADL global rating of function is meant to represent more basic functional daily activities, but athletes may view sports participation as a daily activity.

The score on each item are added together to get the item score total. Information acquired from an evaluative instrument is useful only if evidence is available to support the interpretation of scores obtained in the specific population in which the instrument is intended to be used.

Measute Sports subscale assesses more difficult tasks that are essential to sport, it is a population-specific subscale designed for athletes [1] [2] [3].

According to this model, items can potentially measure the domains of 1 body structure and function and 2 activity and participation. Validation of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score for ankle ligament reconstruction. Scoring instructions for the FAAM. We do not believe that these athletes truly felt their ankles were functioning normally because they would not have met the identified inclusion criteria for the CAI group and their FAAM scores likely would have been higher.


Because only 1 athlete indicated that the ankle was abnormaldata from the nearly normal and abnormal groups were pooled. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure FAAM is a region-specific, non—disease-specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities recommended for an outcome instrument.

Item score totals, which range from 0 to 84 for the ADL subscale and 0 to 32 for the Sports subscale, were transformed to percentage scores.

In a systematic review of the literature, Eechaute et al 5 identified evaluative instruments for individuals with CAI and evidence to support their use. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure is a item questionnaire divided into two subscales: Subjective information from self-reported outcome instruments can provide valuable information for clinicians treating individuals with ankle instability.

Further testing that offers evidence for validity, reliability, and responsiveness, including defining values for the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference, in this population is needed. We did not monitor these athletes otucome time following an intervention to capture data related to the instrument’s reliability and responsiveness, including the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference. Guyatt responsive index and ROC analysis found the ADL subscale was more responsive than general measures of physical function while the Sports subscale was not.

This value is then multiplied by to get a percentage. Balance training for persons with functionally unstable ankles. Patients or Other Participants: Eechaute et al [4] level 1 concluded that the FADI and FAAM were the most appropriate, patient-assessed otucome to quantify functional disabilities in patients with chronic ankle instability, but reported that there is outckme for further research of the FAAM in a specific population of patients with CAI [5] [6] [7].

Development and reliability of the Ankle Instability Instrument. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. Final item reduction was completed using item response theory with subjects. M, Brandsson S, Karlsson J. The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to meet this need: Open in a separate window.

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In fact, the relationship between the ADL subscale score and global rating of function was no longer significant when the healthy group was removed. The total number of outckme with a response is multiplied by 4 to get the highest potential score. Toggle navigation p Physiopedia.

The FAAM is a reliable, responsive, and valid measure of physical function for individuals with a broad range of meadure disorders of the lower leg, foot, and ankle.

Free online Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) score calculator

A higher score represents a higher level of physical function. Test retest reliability was 0. Additionally, this study was designed to provide validity evidence for interpretation of FAAM scores. Evidence for construct validity faan how the scores on the instrument relate to other measures of the construct.

Support Center Support Center. Evidence for meaaure validity, construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness was obtained among subjects who were separated into a group expected to change and a group expected to remain stable.

J Bone Joint Surg Br.

Validity of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure in Athletes With Chronic Ankle Instability

Scores on the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure activities of daily living and sports subscales were greater in healthy athletes than in those with chronic ankle instability and were greater in the athletes who indicated that their ankles were normal than in those who indicated that their ankles were nearly normal or abnormal.

A single announcement about the study was made at each team’s meeting, including a call for volunteers and inclusion criteria. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

This phenomenon may be explained in part by the characteristics of the population that we examined. The screening questionnaire consisted of 19 questions related to frequency and severity of previous ankle sprains. Although we cannot be certain why 4 participants identified their ankles as normalwe suspect that the instructions on the FAAM may have influenced them.

Instability of the foot after injuries to the lateral ligament of the ankle.