Phylogeography of the bark beetle Dendroctonus mexicanus Hopkins ( Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Anducho-Reyes MA(1). ABSTRACT: The Mexican pine beetle (XPB) Dendroctonus mexicanus, is recorded here for the first time as a new introduction for the United States (US). Semiochemicals of Dendroctonus mexicanus, the Mexican pine beetle. Phylum: Arthropoda. Subphylum: Uniramia. Class: Insecta. Order: Coleoptera. Family.
|Published (Last):||21 February 2013|
|PDF File Size:||10.76 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.62 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
On the other hand Dr. After the initial attack by D.
During this stage the activities of the male are limited to pushing out the resin as it flows into the tunnel. In the latter variety, which is often present in mixed stands fendroctonus P. No effort was made to determine the average length of time required to complete the life cycle of this insect.
EPPO Global Database
Humberto Ortega, Chief of the Department of Forest Protection of the Government of Mexico, reports that direct control work was carried on in against the infestation in parts of the Unidad Forestal dendrodtonus San Rafael. Table 2 indicates the length of time required for the most important color changes: From this material Hopkins described Dendroctonus mexicanus Hopk. From many observations it appears, therefore, that the initial attack by D.
Hopkins of the Bureau of Entomology, U. Male Dendroctonus mexicanus working the pitch flow in order to keep tunnel and entrance open. A high proportion of loci were out of HWE by homozygous excess, which may be explained by multiple factors. Many of the attacking adults are trapped by rapid drying of the pitch and die in the pitch tube without gaining entrance to the tree. As the eggs hatch, the minute larvae mine outward into the phloem at right angles to the main tunnel.
smaller Mexican pine beetle, Dendroctonus mexicanus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) –
Epidemics are less aggressive where P. Citing articles via Google Scholar. A number of predatory beetles were found in and around the trees infested by D. A comparison of the number of entrance holes, each of which represents the attack mexianus a pair of parent beetles, and of the exit holes which represent the emergence of their progeny, will illustrate this difference.
A characteristic feature of these small killed areas is the few isolated surviving trees left on the fringes. These consist of burning the infested bark to destroy the insects, or of spraying the bark with penetrative mexicnus oils until it is well saturated. Egg laying proceeds as follows: The habits of this species dnedroctonus not been fully described in previous publications, so are covered in some detail. Add comment Close comment form modal.
Full grown larva and young adult in cells in outer hark of Pinus leiophylla. This evidence suggests that in the even-aged stands dendroctonhs P.
Dendroctonus mexicanus (DENCME)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database
However, it was noted that infestations occurred during the coldest months of the year which suggests the absence of a dormancy period in the life cycle.
Burks of the U. When they enter the bark, all feeding ceases and a cell is constructed wherein the changes from larvae to pupae to adult take place. Genetic Structure of Dendroctonus mexicanus Coleoptera: The declivity of the elytra is excavated and each side is denroctonus with four short acute teeth.
A publication by Donald De Leon lists, with descriptions and host references, a number of the bark beetle species that attack pines in Mexico. The adult insect as described by Hopkins averages 3. Dendroctonus mexicanis Hopkins is polyphagous within Pinus species and has a continuous geographic distribution across the TMVB. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. It was found from a number ddendroctonus egg counts that the female deposits an average of 6 eggs per inch 2.
Direct Control The methods used for the direct control of D. The sequence of the attacks indicates that Ips and D. In stands of Pinus leiophylla that had been killed by the recent epidemics, growth of the older trees had been rapid for the first 35 to 40 years; but beyond this age there was a very abrupt slowing down of growth as shown by suppression; of the annual rings.
Some trees of Pinus montezumae var. Your comment will be reviewed and published at the journal’s discretion.