for the use of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) in the SA context. A M Lane; unpublished User Guide for the Brunel Mood Scale . screening questionnaire. This assessment is based on the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) that was developed to provide a quick assessment of mood states among adolescent and adult. The item Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS: Terry et al., ; ) has the questionnaire from Malay versions to English (back-translation).

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The rise and fall of the iceberg: Recent research has argued that confusion is more of a cognitive rather questionnaife affective state and could be excluded from the measure on these grounds alone Lane et al. However, inspection of the latent factor intercorrelation revealed high subscales intercorrelation implying only partial support for discriminant validity of the subscales Table 2.

Although confusion demonstrated strong relationships with other subscale scores, it is possible that feeling confused could be an antecedent or consequence of an emotional state rather than part of it. Lastly, PCFI takes into account the complexity of the model when calculating goodness of fit. Higher scores denoted higher levels of affectivity.

Over the past few decades, there has been a growing body of literature on mental health [1]. Future investigations should test this assumption.

Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS): an instrument for early detection of overtraining syndrome

Although the findings provide support for the factorial validity of the questionnaire, we obtained relatively low reliability coefficients for the subscales, especially the confusion subscale.

Alternate ways of assessing model fit. Three statistical procedures were utilized. Although overall goodness of fit indices, standardized and unstandardized regression weights revealed favorable findings for the 6-factor model, we obtained high subscales intercorrelation values between depression subscale and other negative mood subscales.

This cross-loading can be explained by the colloquial use of Nervoso in Italian to indicate anger as well as nervousness. Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology.

However, further analysis of the 2-factor model incorporating positive and negative mood factors provided only satisfactory fit for the model. A review and synthesis.


Confirmatory factor analysis CFA and Cronbach’s alpha were used to determine the factorial validity and the internal consistency of the questionnaire respectively.

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The scale has also been cross-validated for use with Hungarian, Italian Lane, Soos et al. From the above, considering that researchers are in different contexts and with different populations, their use of the BRUMS can investigate mental health in different populations, which are physically active and apparently healthy.

You can login by using one of your existing accounts. Development and validation of a mood measure for adolescents: Anxiety Research, ; 1: The construct of mood has been the subject of interest for many sport psychology researchers [1, 2]. Internal consistency was good for all the factors identified: Based on the comparability of responses to the BRUMS in paper-and-pencil and online versions Terry and Lim,it is reasonable to assume that the ITAMS, although only administered online in our study, would show similar psychometric properties if administered in paper-and-pencil form.

For mooc factors, a correlation matrix was generated, where relationships between items and factors were observed through factor loadings. The second is that research should look to explore the meaning people attribute to such emotions. First, although the ITAMS measurement model was supported, no analysis of its predictive validity was included in our study. Manual for the profile of mood states.

Equally, an athlete might feel fatigued as a consequence of a hard training session but not report feeling anger. The BRUMS has been used in different populations of athletes and non-athletes, young people and adults [12] [23]with heart disease [24]and with fibromyalgia [13] [14]among others.

Nova Science; Lane A. Br J Sports Med ; This approach was not followed in the present study as it is argued that combining the unpleasant states in the POMS into a single factor can result in a scake of information. Effects of music interventions on emotional states and running questtionnaire.

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It is a item questionnaire of simple mood descriptors such as angry, nervous, unhappy, and energetic. When applying theories and models across cultures and nations, it is necessary to translate instruments, accounting for linguistic and cultural differences Moustaka et al.


Unlike Peter, Julian shamelessly admits to playing soccer relatively well, razzling and dazzling his opponents on the qusetionnaire or so he likes to believe!

What is the purpose of In the Mood?

Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of an abbreviated profile of mood states. Skip to search form Skip to main content. From a research perspective, development of the ITAMS provides those researching in an Italian-language context with a mechanism for testing the central tenets of Lane and Terry’s conceptual model of mood-performance relationships, and for replicating investigations of the predictive quetsionnaire of mood assessments in sports such as karate Terry and Slade, scape swimming Terry et al.

Moreover, path loadings for the common factor negative mood as well as questionnnaire specific factors depression, tension, fatigue, anger and confusion supported the notion questiobnaire shared variance of the items.

The overtraining syndrome has a great relevance in the sportive scope, mainly as for elite athletes who search to transcend their limits and for those who submit to physical activity practice without specialized orientation. J Sports Sc Med. In light of this finding, we performed further analysis involving 6-factor and 7-factor models with item 24 removed. The majority of sfale measures in psychology are produced in the English language, which provides a significant challenge for professionals working in other contexts and aiming to use appropriate, linguistically-validated scxle Rohlfs et al.

The study received approval from the Institutional Review Board for the Protection of Human Subjects at the first author’s institution. Emotions are typically described as more intense, quicker to rise and shorter-lived than moods, and associated with more identifiable sources than mood. The present cross-sectional study was designed to examine the factorial validity and reliability of the Malaysian adapted BRUMS [10].

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