Hispid beetles Brontispa longissima are palmivorous insects (Creighton , Lever , in He et al. /06). The larvae and adults are. The coconut hispid beetle Brontispa longissima (Gestro) was accidentally introduced into Western Samoa in Consequently in several beneficial . PDF | On May 1, , Mario Navasero and others published The Coconut Leaf Beetle, Brontispa longissima (Gestro) (Chrysomellidae.

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Tin, Kyu Kyu Swe. Apocynaceae were obtained from Wenchang municipalities of Hainan province, China. The spread of B. There is merit in considering the introduction of suitable strains of this parasite from Java or from other countries where they are now established, where B.

Report of the expert consultation on coconut beetle outbreak in APPPC member countries

The whole cycle from egg to adult occupies about five to seven weeks in Java and Sulawesi, llongissima can extend to nine weeks in other presumably cooler places KalshovenLeverin FAO The Chrysomelidae of Tahiti Coleoptera.

Parasitoids distribution appears somewhat ‘clustered’ to specific trees and not spread evenly over the island.

Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London B Development was completed at the effective cumulative temperature of The pest is now spreading to other coconut growing areas slowly. Outbreaks have also been reported from Madura Kalshoven, Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.


Such observation, considering the economics and environmental impact, paved the way for the use of biological control as an alternative approach that can effectively and sustainably manage Brontispa population. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles.

Archived from the original on It is native to Indonesia, possibly to Irian Java, and also to Papua New Guinea, including the Bismarck Archipelago, where it seldom causes serious problems. Maulik and Areca catechu L.

The occurrence of major invertebrate and weed pests in the South West Pacific. The imposition of internal quarantine restrictions on the export of leaves for longisisma thatch or other tourist products made from leaves from Brontispa infested islands further affects the income of the local population. Title Adult Caption Brontispa longissima coconut hispine beetle ; adult.

The newly hatched larva is whitish and feeds on fronds for about 5 weeks but developmental time varies according to location and beontispa Upon arrival the package was kept in custody by MFAMR, until it was delivered to the semi-quarantine facility at Sun Island resort a day later.

All the plants were grown using the same cultural practices, including drip irrigation and fertilization as needed.

On the structure of larvae of hispine beetles. Hispidae in Hainan, China. Some specimens have the elytra brown or brontis;a, or have a spindle-shaped black marking on the elytral suture. Neglected palms are more heavily attacked than those kept free from undergrowth Froggatt and O’Connor, ; Maddison, Alafua Agricultural Bulletin 5 4: The development from egg to adult takes weeks.


Two native wasp parasites are known in the Rabaul district of Papua New Guinea: Only occasionally are mature palms attacked on a large enough scale in the Solomon Islands to cause serious damage. There is a pair of well developed 3-segmented legs on each thoracic segment, each terminating in a single claw and fleshy pad-like structure.

The number of parasitoid emerged from each host was averaged Secretariat d’Etat aux Colonies, Parasitoid release had been continuously undertaken and the approximate number of parasitoids released is provided in Table 1. Applied Entomology and Zoology 45 1: The last larval exuvium is always retained on longissiima prongs of the tail-shovel. The natural environment and its use for recreational activities is also spoiled for local people and residents.

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This wasp was the major biological control agent that controlled the pest in Western Samoa during the s. Palms weakened by attack are more susceptible to drought and disease Waterhouse and Norris, The percentage of parasitism recorded from field recoveries made in Chen-chin-hu and Lin-bien were HTM [Accessed 12 Decemeber ].

Gressitt gave loongissima full synonymy for the species.